Eating breakfast and dinner early can be the best recipe for a healthier life
An international team led by French scientists has found that people who eat their first meal at 9 a.m. have a six percent higher chance of developing cardiovascular disease than those who eat breakfast at 8 a.m. In addition, eating after 9 p.m. is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. 28% increased risk – From cerebrovascular diseases, such as strokes, especially in women, compared to eating before eight in the evening
These findings also reveal that a longer duration of “overnight fasting” – the period between the last meal of the day and the first meal of the next – is associated with a lower risk of stroke.
Cardiovascular diseases, including heart attacks and strokes, are the leading cause of death globally, according to the Global Burden of Disease Study. In 2019, these diseases caused 18.6 million deaths annually, of which about 7.9 million were diet-related.
Researchers attribute this risk in part to modern Western eating habits, such as late dinners or skipping breakfast. These habits disrupt the daily cycle of eating and fasting, which is necessary to synchronize the body’s peripheral clocks or circadian rhythms, affecting functions such as regulating blood pressure.
In a media release, the team said the findings suggest that eating the first meal later in the day, such as when skipping breakfast, is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. They also observed a six percent increase in risk for each hour of delay. For example, a person who eats his first meal at 9 a.m. has a 6% greater risk of developing cardiovascular disease than a person who eats at 8 a.m. This team included researchers from the Barcelona Institute for Global Health, Inserm, and the Sorbonne University Paris Nord.
The study of “chronotrophic feeding” has become increasingly important in understanding how meal timing, circadian rhythms, and health are interconnected. The research team analyzed data from more than 103,000 French individuals, most of whom were women (79%) with an average age of 42 years, to examine the relationship between eating patterns and cardiovascular disease.
The results showed that eating after 9 pm is associated with a 28% increased risk of cerebrovascular diseases such as stroke, especially in women, compared to eating before 8 pm. A longer duration of overnight fasting is also associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease. Cerebrovascular disease, indicating the benefits of eating meals early in the day.
The team concludes that adopting earlier meal times and a longer period of fasting during the night can help reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, but notes that more research is needed.
The study is published in the journal Nature Communications.
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Southwest News Service writer Stephen Beach contributed to this report.